The Lotus 23 was designed by Colin Chapman as a small-displacement sports racing car. Nominally a two-seater (to comply with formula rules) Authentic Hassan Whiteside Jersey , it was a purpose-built for racing with a driver alone. The 23 used a wider version of the Lotus 20 space frame, with the same suspension, clothed in a fibreglass body. Originally intended for engines of 750 cc to 1300 cc (45-80ci) Authentic Goran Dragic Jersey , the revised 23B had stronger chassis tubes to take the torque of Ford-based 1.51.6 litre Lotus Twincam power plants.
Debut at the N?rburgring
The debut of the 23 was at the Nordschleife in May, 1962. The tiny 100 bhp (70 kW) Lotus 23 shot away from the field of Porsches, Aston Martins and Ferraris with Jim Clark at the wheel. Even though some cars had four times the power of the Lotus Authentic Glen Rice Jersey , after the first lap, in the wet, Clark was 27 seconds ahead of Dan Gurney’s Porsche. Extending his lead on each lap until the track dried Authentic Gerald Green Jersey , Clark was overcome by exhaust fumes from a damaged exhaust manifold on lap 12 and was forced to retire.
Banned from Le Mans
In June 1962, two 23s were entered at Le Mans, a 750 cc and a one liter (45ci & 61ci). Due to political pressure brought to bear by French teams Authentic Dwyane Wade Jersey , the 23s were disallowed on technical grounds. A furious Chapman vowed, “We will never race again at Le Mans!” – and Team Lotus has not entered the race since.
In spite of these early problems, the Lotus 23 proved a competitive Authentic Dion Waiters Jersey , durable, and popular race car. Over 130 were produced in three versions: the standard 23, 23B Authentic Chris Bosh Jersey , 23C. Today these cars are a mainstay of vintage racing in Europe and the United States.
Restoration and replication of the Lotus 23
Beginning in the early 1980s a small group of enthusiasts began to make it possible to restore original Lotus 23 by remanufacturing parts. These parts are now easily available. It was at about this time that a Register was established for the Lotus 23. That Register is now part of the Historic Lotus Register of the UK. Enthusiasts for the car can join the Yahoo Group, “L23Registry”. Some race organizers and the Historic Motor Sports Association began in 2007 to take steps to restrict race participation by replica cars.
There are several sources of replicas of Lotus 23 cars.
The Xanthos 23 is the most accurate reproduction of the original car using the same design and materials as the 1960s original. Powered by Lotus twincam, it is still built by Xanthos Sports Cars in the traditional way near Bristol Authentic Alonzo Mourning Jersey , UK.
Following the success of his Ultima GTR project, Lee Noble created a Lotus 23 replica with a wider track than the original to allow for true two seater use. It proved very successful in racing, with over 60 cars produced using either Lotus twincam or Renault V6 engines. Noble’s version continued in production Wayne Ellington Jersey , first by Auriga Design using an Alfa Romeo engine and transaxle, and now by Mamba Motorsport near Oxford, UK using Ford Duratec Engines.
TORONTO， Aug. 31 (Xinhua) -- The Canadian economy in the second quarter of this year dropped to its worst performance in seven years， Statistics Canada said Wednesday.
The federal agency said real gross domestic product (GDP) fell at an annualized rate of 1.6 percent in the three-month period， due in large part to the wildfires that destroyed parts of Fort McMurray in Alberta province.
That's the biggest quarterly decline since the second quarter of 2009 when Canada was in the midst of the global financial crisis.
The contraction reported Wednesday was in contrast with growth at an annual pace of 2.5 percent in the first quarter， which was revised from an initial reading of 2.4 percent.
Economists had expected a drop of 1.5 percent in the second quarter.
The drop in GDP came as exports of goods and services fell 4.5 percent in the quarter following a 1.9 percent increase in the first three months of the year. Exports of goods were down 5.5 percent， while exports of services grew 0.6 percent.
Already hurting from the drop in energy prices， the Alberta wildfires dealt a blow to the energy sector， forcing the evacuation of Fort McMurray and shutdown of several oilsands operations in the region.
Energy product exports fell 7.5 percent， with crude and bitumen exports declining 9.6 percent and refined petroleum products down a whopping 19.6 percent. Motor vehicles and parts also dropped 5.8 percent due to lower exports of passenger cars and light trucks.
Exports of aircraft and other transportation equipment and parts were up 5.6 percent.
However， despite the pullback for the quarter as a whole， the Canadian economy ended the quarter with growth in June.
Statistics Canada said real GDP rose 0.6 percent that month， boosted in part to non-conventional oil extraction as production in the Alberta oilsands region started to resume.
Mining， quarrying and oil and gas extraction climbed 3.6 percent in June， boosted by 12 percent gain in non-conventional oil extraction.
The second-quarter result reported Wednesday was worse than forecast by the Bank of Canada in its July monetary policy report.
The central bank had predicted that the economy would contract at an annual rate of 1.0 percent during the second quarter due to the damage caused by the wildfires.
But the Bank of Canada has also predicted that growth will pick up in the third quarter to an annual pace of 3.5 percent as oil production ramps up and rebuilding efforts begin in Fort McMurray.
It also expects the federal government's new Canada child benefit and a boost to infrastructure spending to lend a hand to the economy.
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